The doctrine of Christian theology denotes the study of beliefs and practices performed by the people of Christian religion. The main purpose of Christian theology is to concentrate upon both the Old Testament as well as the New Testament texts. It also includes the study of the traditions followed by the Christians. Christian theologians focus on learning exegesis of the Bible, analyzing rational and logical arguments. This doctrine essentially observes the differences between Christianity and other religions and their rituals; defending its tradition against various objections or criticisms; to discuss ideas regarding the Christian church reformations as well as to support the spreading of Christian philosophy.
The Christian Theological Doctrine is divided into different categories according to the approaches towards Christian theology. Given below are the 4 main traditional patterns followed in Christian seminaries –
- Exegetical theology
Here the study is mainly research based. It has 4 sub-categories:
- Biblical studies – They analyze the Scripture’s contents.
- Biblical introduction – The biblical criticism where the observation of the origins of the Bible is done.
- Canonics – They enquire the whole process of different Bible books that are collected together.
- Biblical theology – It studies the progress of divine revelation happened over the Bible’s course.
- Historical Theology
In this section, theologians study the gradual development of Christian theology over time. It has further subsections that minutely specify important periods in history in chronological order.
- Patristic Period (1st-8th centuries) – Ante-Nicene Fathers, Nicene Fathers and Post-Nicene Fathers
- Middle Ages (8th-16th centuries)
- Modern Period (18th-21st centuries)
- Systematic Theology
This category is considered to be the most diverse category from Four Departments of Theology. It studies the following –
- The First Principles or Prolegomena
- Proper Theology – the existence and attributes of God, The Trinity, Creation and Divine Providence
- Theological anthropology or Man’s Doctrine
- Soteriology – Sanctification as well as justification
- Holy Spirit’s Doctrine or the Pneumatology
- Church’s Doctrine or the Ecclesiology
- The study of afterlife or the Eschatology
- Practical Theology
This section verifies the foundation of the pragmatic grounds based on the teachings of Christian philosophy. These include –
- The ethics and casuistry of Christianity or Moral Theology
- Theology of pastoral section – liturgics, homiletics, education as well as counseling of Christianity
Since the birth of Jesus, the Doctrine of Christian Theology has gone through several theological disagreements. This led to the arising of various schisms and Christian denominations as well as sects and movements. It has been broadly divided into three major movements –
- Contemporary Theological Movements
Each of these three movements had distinct objectives where numerous ideas, principles, views and concepts are propagated and expounded throughout the world. It has spread over both Catholic and Protestant beliefs.
There are many Christian Theology Organizations over the world where Christian Theology Doctrine is preached. One of the finest and most famous is Evangelical Theological Society which is an institution for Biblical scholars, teachers, students and others. Another remarkable institute is International Academy of Practical Theology that teaches people about Christian philosophy of thought and action as well as to promote Christian ideology and understanding.